Mineral wool is a generic name for fiber materials that are formed by spinning or drawing molten minerals.[1] The nomenclature of these wool products is simply the parent/raw material name in prefix to wool. Wool from glass is glass wool, wool from rock is stone wool and so on.   Many people incorrectly believe that ROCKWOOL is a synonym for mineral wool.  However, ROCKWOOL® is a registered trademark by the Danish company Rockwool International A/S.   SA Horticulture does not sell ROCKWOOL, but other brands of stone wool.  Mineral wool products can be engineered to hold large quantities of water and air that aid root growth and nutrient uptake in hydroponics; their fibrous nature also provides a good mechanical structure to hold the plant stable. The naturally high pH of mineral wool makes them initially unsuitable to plant growth and requires “conditioning” to produce a wool with an appropriate, stable pH. (Source:Wikipedia)


While stone wool is relatively easy to set up and use, it does require some monitoring and irrigation adjustment to make the best of its ability to hold high levels of moisture and aeration at the same time. The main features of stone wool substrates is that they have little cation exchange capacity and they maintain their structure over a long period of time. In general, at field capacity, stone wool holds more water per unit volume than the other inorganic substrates and therefore has a greater buffering capacity. The larger reserves of a nutrient solution coupled with excellent drainage makes stone wool easier to handle as an inorganic sub strate.  


Applications of mineral wool include thermal insulation (as both structural insulation and pipe insulation, though it is not as fire-resistant as high-temperature insulation wool), filtration,soundproofing, and hydroponic growth medium.